Interview _ Future researcher Tristan Horx on schools in the Here and now and the formation of tomorrow
By Brigitta Wenninger
Tristan Horx is ahead of his time. With great passion, because he is a researcher of the future and trend. The 27-year-old is from the famous future researcher family Horx and belongs to the team of the renowned Institute of the Future. The junior futurist, who also teaches at several universities, deals, among other things, with the generational question, digitalization and with megatrends. We discussed with him the future of Education. About schools in the now and here, about schools in the digital change, through the schools of tomorrow. For the next decades, Horx advises Looking more closely at the human judge.
School 30 years ago and school today – in the Over the past three decades, not so much has happened there, hasit?
Yes, the education sector is always hanging on to modernisation issues a little behind. It doesn’t necessarily have to be a bad thing, other fields and then adapt it better. But it was even adapted to anything. However, this is also due to the fact that education is mainly a political issue.
The pandemic has provide a digital boost. Where is the hook?
Corona has led to an acceleration. Nothing was reinvented, but the crisis is now forcing institutions, companies and also politics into the 21st century. In the context of this forced acceleration, problems also arose. In digital learning, for example, the adaptation of not also culturally. Solving the technical issues is not difficult. But finding solutions to cultural issues is not Easy. It is, for example, about ways of dealing with how curricula for digital teaching and the question of how to digitally taught. Ideally, there will be a meaningful balance in the future between the digital and the cultural.
What would be missing if only would still be taught online?
During the lockdown, it has been shown that many Pupils would rather go to school than just go from Learning from home. This, too, proves that school has a completely different function than just “knowledge-beating”, but that above all the social mixture of is crucial there. It is about social-structural hierarchies, about the Formation of groups and cliques. All this is important for evolution. On The end is the social, i.e. the empathic good, exactly what we all Connects. And that is precisely what is not enough during school closures. Therefore, also the thesis: It is an illusion to say that at some point you could Digitize teaching.
What else is the other way to do that?
Due to the situation with homeschooling, one has also seen that it is mainly women who are severely affected by the multiple suffer at home. All in all, you can see that the whole thing is a larger structural question is. It’s not just a question of whether there are enough webcams in school are present. There are a lot more systems attached to it. So far, you have always tries to encapsulate this: we push young people into information, and then they come out into the labour market and everything is great. By its very insinuating. It is much more complex, much more intertwined. This is why we are constantly talking about Shortage. Because the education system is a place to promote people for the labour market from 20 years ago or 30 years.
Then now everything can only be even better?
The current modernisation reflects structural weaknesses and lack of innovations from the past. Crises always lead forced to change. It is, of course, a pity that this change is now so painful, but perhaps we will then again recognize the social good within of this dynamic. These are important lessons: perhaps in the future, in the structural, think more about how to promote the social.
Is this currently becoming too much Hidden?
There is the following thesis: Digitize the so-called Back End, i.e. the entire logistical and process area, then the more time for the front end, i.e. for the analog part. In a linear Misprognosis, some think children will eventually be given by robots can be taught. This is a misnousation of the subject. In the health sector the same thing happens, as it is also predicted that people will eventually be robots can be cared for. But the question is: who wants this, that makes sense at all? Doesn’t that take the whole social component out of it? Because this is crucial in the whole matter.
What does this mean for the future knowledge transfer?
The information that the teacher has in his head and the he has been funnels to students for many years, that is no longer the high good. Teachers must have the greatness to admit that this whole Knowledge in each student’s pocket – on his or her mobile phone.
But it will still be enough to learn?
There are, of course, certain mechanics that you have to learn. Meta-Skills is called: Connected thinking, that’s very important. And still something is incredibly important: digital education. Just one example: I believe that most 14-year-olds are aware of what this means when send a nude picture to a friend. These are simple Things that children and adolescents need to know. In addition, there is the Question how to find a secure source in times of fake news. This must be Become a subject, that’s what I’ve been doing for a long time before Corona.
What could make sense digitalized in the future?
This can be done by practicable and tangible examples Note: Teacher-speaking hours could be digitized without any problems. The the same applies to places where the teaching material is available online.
There are already platforms like Moodle, but you can should make it more user-friendly. In addition, the simple possibility of one-on-one contact, i.e. improved accessibility of the Teacher valuable. Here, too, the pedagogical system will become more important in the future, the Knowledge will be worth less.
What will this look like in round 50 years?
Then maybe you’ve really cracked the code, and we are approaching the point where knowledge is virtually into the brains of “uploaded”. There will certainly be progress on this. And exactly this is then the time when the teaching, the fun of learning and the social and digital skills. After all, it is a misconception that, with increasing digitalisation, human competences are less become important.
Are more coaches in the future instead of teachers?
In any case, it would be a positive change if teachers digitalisation will eventually have more time to work for a personal and coaching one-on-one contact with the student. And thus also more time for the Teaching social skills. When the machines become better machines, people need to become better people. But because we only ever direction, we cannot imagine that as the digitalisation must take place in an increasing humanisation. Suddenly falls school is a place of social encounter. And exactly that’s why students who sit at home during a lockdown also want to necessarily back there. If you are only taught online, loses valuable experience as a result. What children and adolescents, in particular, losing is a very nice thing in life: the coincidence that happened at school and which can happen in the social fabric. This is completely flute when everything totally planned and timed through.
What are other disadvantages of online teaching?
Only about 50 percent of communication between people is Verbally. This is why online teaching and seminars are often so exhaustive. I am a lecturer myself: teaching digitally robs all forces. that own system searches for the other 50 percent all the time. But it gets the satisfaction that we as social beings need and want. That leads to a kind of apathy. It is also crazy that in many places the old model school was transferred one to one into the digital. It was only after that that we came to the fore, that this does not work. I could have said that before. You must deal with it in a completely different way: teach for 20 minutes, then groups work, then watch a video together, then invite the students to online tool – the Attention span in the digital works quite differently. This is not possible with the classic 45 minutes of frontal lessons, everyone is penetrating away.
What can the coaches of Make it better tomorrow?
The educational world that followed the industrial revolution and which we still have, is trying to get young people into a form so that they are in the end easily digestible for the labour market. What we instead, coaches who have learned to work with heterogeneous groups are needed. and know how to nurture strengths and talents. For private schools it already works well. I was in Austria on a public School, my brother enrolled in a private school. There was the Talent promotion at a completely different level. In the end, however, this is only a resource question.
So we urgently need more teachers?
In the lockdown, much has been and will be about systemically important professions Spoken. Now all of a time everyone realizes how damn systemically important teachers. And not only from the perspective that they give children something Teach. But because they also take care of children. This is just getting especially the mothers who are stuck at home and with the children have to do school exercises because the school is closed or the students in quarantine. This also reduces the small progress we have made on the have made a labour market in relation to women – it will, so to speak, be done with its feet Entered.
If today’s Grading system sometime to be snow of yesterday?
In the old model, the education market has skilled workers that could be put into different industries. There was it is of course helpful to be able to quantify how well someone is specific area. In the future, professions will become more detailed and differentiated. You have to make sure that students remain flexible and agile, just in this way their own talents. Those who constantly struggle with bad grades have little Time to develop your own talents. I am not fundamentally opposed to Grades, but the question is where and when grading makes sense. This, too, is often different in private schools. In the promotion of talent, it is clearly analysed where strengths and weaknesses. Unfortunately, it is often said elsewhere that the Students are to blame for poor grades, not teachers. This is a massive error of thought. The task of the teacher cannot be, as a testing wall. Its task is to ensure that students are and understand what they need to understand in order to move forward.
Does this give the labour market then more skilled workers?
More importantly, you get more people who end up what they burn for. And that’s exactly what the modern economy Needs.
What would you advise schools and education policymakers in looking ahead to the next few decades?
You shouldn’t make the mistake of being misled by the digital catch-up into the 21st century. It will not continue linearly. With increasing digitalization, social competence also becomes more important in the labour market. We train people for a world where there will soon be not enough classical work for all of us. It is there that empathic abilities will count again. It is precisely this humane capital that should be taken into account. The focus must again be on looking into the human. It’s going to be hard, because everyone just sees the digital tide coming. To get rid of it would be my advice. The younger generations are smart and have a lot of access to information. They want to learn and are getting smarter and smarter. It would also make sense to ask them which formats they consider appropriate. And to involve them more when it comes to decision-making issues.
Tristan Horx (27) is a futurologist and trend researcher.
Photo: Photo Studio Kamenar